新闻动态

文庙科举博物馆
平遥文庙学宫   2019-10-28 10:51:18 作者:SystemMaster 来源:
乡试是初级考试。每三年举行一次,一共考三场。时间分别是八月初九、十二、十五进行。考中者称举人,“范进中举”的史实我们都知道,如果是举人的第一名,就叫“解元”但只要有了“举人”资格之后就可在次年春天参加第二级考试会试,中试者称“贡士”第一名称“会元”,会试中榜再在同年四月参加的殿试中就没有落榜一说了,而是将所有考生的名次重新划分:一甲进士及第三名,头名状元,二名榜眼,三名探花;二甲若干名赐进士出身;三甲同进士出身,这些个功名曾经的平遥人都拥有过,但他们都没有被它们所吸引毅然选择经商,科举这种制度从隋代开始实行,宋代更加完备,但是作为一种考试制度的完备其主要表现就是防弊措施上的完备,当时主要采取了弥封、锁院、誉录、复试四种考试规制。弥封也就是今天密封,从唐武则天开始实行的也称糊名。复试又是专门针对官缭子弟而设立的二次人生考试,所以使用最广的就是眷录了,意思是要请专门的眷录官将所有考生交上来的考卷重新眷一次,但考生亲自答的是用黑毛笔写的称墨卷,眷录官眷的时候要用红毛笔去书写称朱卷,也是防止考官和考生串通舞弊的措施之一,这里就展示有两份珍贵的乡试,会试两级考试的草稿,还有一份长达3米多的墨卷正稿,实属罕见。

科举博物馆的馆址原是平遥城内规模最大的书院,在创建之时平遥的社会经济已不同于康熙年间,但是晋商的突飞猛进发展,票号银行业的兴起,他们的捐助,使得这个书院才如虎添翼,日益兴旺,晋商能有这样的善举原因何在?一方面“急公好义,造福桑梓”的儒学观念,是他们创建书院的思想基础,另一方面经商能暴富利益的强力驱动,促成了弃儒就商的风习形成,但晋地的弃儒并非完全放弃了读书而是把千百年读书做官成就功名的途经变了,通过经商也能光宗耀祖,扬名四方,通过经商也能过上锦衣玉食的日子,通过经商,也能“捐官”。

The township test is a junior test. It is held every three years and has a total of three exams. The time is on the 9th, 12th and 15th of August. The tester called the person, "Fan Jinzhong" historical facts we all know, if it is the first person to raise people, it is called "solving the yuan" but as long as you have the "lifting people" qualification, you can take the second level test in the spring of next year. The pilot will call the first name of the "Gongshi" "Mei Yuan". In the test of the hall that will participate in the same year in April of the same year, there will be no list, but the rankings of all candidates will be re-divided: Jia Jinshi and the third place, the first name, the second place, three flowers; the dimethyl name is given to the scholars; the top three are the same as the Jinshi people, these people have had the Pingyao people, but they are not attracted to them. Resolutely choose to do business, the system of imperial examinations was implemented from the Sui Dynasty, and the Song Dynasty was more complete. However, as a complete examination system, its main performance was the completeness of the precautionary measures. At that time, it was mainly used to seal, lock, and record. Retest four exam rules. The seal is also sealed today, and it is also known as the name from Tang Wu Zetian. The re-examination is a second-life examination specially set up for the children of the bureaucrats. Therefore, the most widely used one is the transcript, which means that the special clerk should re-take the examination papers submitted by all the candidates, but the candidates answer in person. It is a so-called ink roll written with a black brush. When you record a bureaucrat, you should use a red brush to write the book. It is also one of the measures to prevent the examiner and the candidate from colluding with each other. Here are two precious township tests. It is rare to try the draft of the two-level examination and a draft of the ink roll of more than 3 meters.

The site of the Imperial Examination Museum was originally the largest academy in Pingyao City. At the time of its creation, Pingyao’s social economy was different from that of Kangxi. However, the rapid development of the Shanxi merchants, the rise of the banking industry, and their donations made this school If the tiger is more powerful and more prosperous, what are the reasons for Jin’s good deeds? On the one hand, the Confucianism concept of "emergency and good fortune, benefiting the mulberry" is the ideological foundation for their creation of the academy. On the other hand, the powerful driving force of the wealthy interests of the business can promote the formation of the style of abandoning the Confucianism, but the promotion of the land. Abandoning Confucianism did not completely abandon the study, but changed the way of thousands of years of reading and making official achievements. Through business, you can also be a patriarch of Guangzong, famous for the four parties, and through business, you can also live on the days of jewellery, and through business, you can also Donate to the official."
文字大小:[][][]
分享到:
最新评论
发表评论
标题
内容
表情