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文庙徐老夫子
平遥文庙学宫   2019-10-28 10:49:42 作者:SystemMaster 来源:
现存青州博物馆的中国科举史上唯一的一份状元卷,就是赵秉忠的殿试对策(作文)真迹。殿试是科举考试中的最高和最后一级,是由皇帝亲自主持的对会试中所产生的贡土的复试,(亦称御试、亲试、廷试)1598年万历皇帝朱诩钧亲自主持殿试,赵秉忠等292名贡土参加


清同治年间超山书院山长徐继畲老夫子休息办公的地方。徐老夫子是我们五台人,曾任广西、福建两省的巡抚,被当地的商人们高薪聘请过来担任山长,进士出身的他,用他自己的教学内容和要求为平遥科举入仕和晋商发展培养教育了大量人才,这座书院存在的几十年间,曾有11位进士出身的山长在这里讲席过,尤其是徐继畬在美国影响更是远大,由他所著的《瀛环志略》不仅是中国首部的手绘图地理学书籍,而且书中还有他对美国总统华盛顿的高度评价。他在离开平遥的时候,乡亲们夹道相送,队列长达十几里,可见徐老夫子的德高望重和渊博学识。被誉为“东西方文化交流的拓荒者”,“中国近代新思潮的代表者之一”。

The only one in the history of the Chinese imperial examinations in the existing Qingzhou Museum is Zhao Bingzhong’s test of the palace test (composition). The temple test is the highest and last level in the imperial examination. It is a re-examination of the tribute produced by the emperor in person. (also known as the royal test, pro-test, and trial) In 1598, Wanli Emperor Zhu Xi personally Hosted the palace test, Zhao Bingzhong and other 292 Gongtu participated


In the Tongzhi reign of the Qing Dynasty, the place where the old master of the Chaoshan Academy, Xu Jiyu, was resting. Xu Laofuzi is our five-person family. She used to be the governor of Guangxi and Fujian provinces. She was hired by the local merchants to serve as the head of the mountain. He was born in Jinshi, and he used his own teaching content and requirements for Pingyao. The development of business has cultivated a large number of talents. During the decades of this college, there were 11 priests who came from a scholarship. The influence of Xu Jiyu in the United States is even more ambitious. Not only is China's first hand-painted geography book, but it also has his high opinion of President Washington. When he left Pingyao, the folks sent them together and the queue was more than ten miles long. It can be seen that Xu Laozi’s high morality and profound knowledge. Known as "the pioneer of cultural exchanges between the East and the West", "one of the representatives of China's modern new wave of thought."
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